At $1.65 per bushel, soybean farmers are slated to receive $3.6 billion of the $4.7 billion in total direct payments through the Market Facilitation Program (MFP). Pork farmers will receive $290 million total, at $8 a head.
Farmers can apply after harvest is complete and total 2018 production can be reported. The rate depends on the severity of trade disruption and period of adjustment to new trade patterns. Applications are available Sept. 4 and the first round of payments will be based on 50 percent of a farmer’s 2018 production. If a second payment is approved for the remaining 50 percent of production, the amount will be determined by USDA.
Remaining commodities and initial payment rates are
- Cotton: 6 cents per pound
- Corn: 1 cent per bushel
- Milk: 12 cents per hundredweight
- Sorghum: 86 cents per bushel
- Wheat: 14 cents per bushel
MFP payments are capped per person or legal entity at a combined $125,000 for corn, cotton, sorghum, soybeans and wheat. Meanwhile MFP payments for dairy or hogs are capped at a combined $125,000.
The Food Purchase and Distribution Program will purchase up to $1.2 billion in commodities targeted by retaliation. USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service will distribute products to through the Emergency Food Assistance Program and child nutrition programs.
Commodities and target payments include:
- Beef: $14.8 million
- Dairy: $84.9 million
- Pecans: $16 million
- Pork: $558.8 million
USDA will also devote $200 million to developing foreign markets for U.S. crops, through advertising, public relations, participation in trade fairs and market research. Applications for the Agricultural Trade Promotion Program are due Nov. 2.